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Better known to us today as "Sax Rohmer", the creator of the Oriental criminal master-mind "Fu Manchu", A. Sarsfield Ward was born in 1883 and actually named Arthur Henry Ward by his parents. Early in the 20th century he discarded the Henry and adopted Sarsfield as his middle name, apparently his mother claimed descent from an Irish General called Patrick Sarsfield.
His first published story was "The Mysterious Mummy" in Pearson's Weekly Xmas 'Xtra dated November 1903 under the name A. Sarsfield Ward, and he continued to be published sporadically in Pearson's until the creation of his Sax Rohmer pseudonym for the story "The Zayat Kiss".
This story, which became the first chapter of the first "Fu Manchu" novel was first published in "The Storyteller" dated October 1912, and was followed monthly by subsequent chapters until July 1913.
The completed novel was then published in book form in both the U.S. and the U.K. in 1913, and as happened regularly with his early novels, under different titles. It was named "The Mystery of Dr. Fu Manchu" in the U.K., but appeared as "The Insidious Dr. Fu Manchu" in the U.S.
Many more Fu Manchu novels and collections were published over the next 40 years, as well as stories of Sumuru - a female equivalent, Gaston Max - a French detective and Moris Klaw - the dream detective.