Ernest Hemingway, born in Illinois in 1898, was a reporter for a Kansas City newspaper, then went to France as a volunteer ambulance driver in World War I. As an expatriate in post-war Paris, he first achieved success with the stories in In Our Time
. His novels include The Sun Also Rises
and A Farewell to Arms
. He committed suicide in 1961.
Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.